Zen

Zen (zĕn)
n. 1) A school of Mahayana Buddhism that asserts that enlightenment can be attained through meditation, self-contemplation, and intuition rather than through faith and devotion and that is practiced mainly in China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam. Also called Zen Buddhism. 2) also zen An approach to an activity, skill, or subject that emphasizes simplicity and intuition rather than conventional thinking or fixation on goals: »

the zen of cooking.

[Japanese zen, from Early Middle Chinese dx̩ian, meditation (also the source of Mandarin chán), from Pali jhānaṃ, from Sanskrit dhyānam, from dhyāti, he meditates.]
Word History: Zen, a word that evokes the most characteristic and appealing aspects of Japanese culture for many English speakers, is ultimately of Indo-European origin. The Japanese word zen is a borrowing of a medieval Chinese word (now pronounced chán, in modern Mandarin Chinese) meaning "meditation, contemplation." Chán is one of the many Buddhist terms in Chinese that originate in India, the homeland of Buddhism. A monk named Bodhidharma, said to be of Indian origin, introduced Buddhist traditions emphasizing the practice of meditation to China in the 5th century and established Chan Buddhism. From the 7th century onward, elements of Chan Buddhism began to reach Japan, where chán came to be pronounced zen. The Chinese word chán is a shortening of chán'nǎ "meditation, contemplation" a borrowing of the Sanskrit term dhyānam. The Sanskrit word is derived from the Sanskrit root dhyā-, dhī-, "to see, observe," and the Indo-European root behind the Sanskrit is *dheiə-, *dhyā-, "to see, look at." This root also shows up in Greek, where *dhyā- developed into sā-, as in the Common Greek noun *sāma, "sign, distinguishing mark." This noun became sēma in Attic Greek and is the source of English semantic.

Word Histories. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • zen — zen …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • zen — [ zɛn ] n. m. et adj. inv. • 1889; mot jap., du chin. chan, sanskr. dyana « méditation » 1 ♦ Secte bouddhique du Japon (venue de Chine au XIIIe s.), où la méditation prend la première place, et qui, recherchant la beauté, a beaucoup contribué au… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ZEN V — / ZEN V Plus Manufacturer Creative Technology Retail availability 2006–present Media Available in 1, 2, 4, 8, 16GB sizes …   Wikipedia

  • ZEN — bezeichnet: eine Linie des Buddhismus, siehe Zen Zen (MP3 Player), Media Player von Creative Zen ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Daniel Zen (1585–1628), Bischof von Brixen Joseph Zen Ze kiun (* 1932), Bischof von Hongkong Lezley Zen (*… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ZEN 49 — war eine Gruppe von sieben deutschen Künstlern, die sich 1949 in München zusammenschloss. Im Juli 1949 gründeten auf Initiative des Kunstkritikers John Anthony Thwaites und des Malers Rupprecht Geiger sieben Künstler (Willi Baumeister, Rolf… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zen — Альбом DJ Krush Дата выпуска 7 августа 2001 Жанр Хип Хоп, Элек …   Википедия

  • Zen 49 — fue un grupo de artistas alemanes, que se unieron en Múnich en julio de 1949. Originariamente el Gruppe der Ungegenständlichen, asumieron el nombre de Zen 49 al año siguiente.[1] Los siete miembros eran Willi Baumeister, Rolf Cavael, Gerhard… …   Wikipedia Español

  • zen — zèn s.m.inv., agg.inv. CO 1. s.m.inv., scuola religiosa buddista originaria della Cina e poi diffusasi in Giappone, che tende a cogliere, attraverso una pratica meditativa, l identità dell essere in ogni cosa ed esperienza, al di fuori di ogni… …   Dizionario italiano

  • Zen — [ zen ] or ,Zen Bud|dhism noun uncount a Japanese religion based on Buddhism. Its followers are called Zen Buddhists …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • zen — interj. kartojant nusakomas ūžimas, zvimbimas: Zen zen zen zengia LMD …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

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